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Course NameGlobal Community
InstructorMutsuji, Shoji
MajorMajor Subjects
Course goalsThe main goal or purpose is to understand the notion and practices of the international development cooperation, and it is expected to learn a dimention of the complex structure of international or global community.
Course outlineIn the contemporary world, each country and individual can not avoid the influences from abroad, because goods, people and money can easily move beyond the boarders. Under this circumstance, the purpose and the way of international development cooperation to the developing countries has three dimensions; humanitarian behaviour, each country's foreign policy or national interests, and their broader purpose to make stable and prosperious world. In this lesson, our concern is to consider the international development cooperation's history, structure, theories and subjects. This lesson is roughly consisted of four parts. First, we are concerned with the history of the North-South problem, in parallel with learning the predominant theories over development in each period. Second, the contemporary trend of the developed countries over development cooperation, poverty reduction, is focused on. Third, we will consider the structural change of the North-South relations in the 21st century, and finally, Japan's development cooperation will be examined.
Evaluation Scale and PoliciesStudents are evaluated with a mini-report (40%) and a report (60%).
PrerequisitesWhole process of the lesson including the reports is implemented in English.
Texts, materials, and suppliesText books will not be used. Reference Books: It is recommended to finish reading (1) by the 5th, (2) by the 9th, and (3) by the 13th. (1) 室井義雄(1997)『南北・南南問題』、山川出版社。 (2) 下村恭民・辻 一人・稲田十三・深川由起子(2009)『国際協力−その新しい潮流(新版)』、有斐閣。 (3) 長 有紀枝(2012)『入門 人間の安全保障−恐怖と欠乏からの自由を求めて』、中央公論新社。
Course Schedule/Plan1.Introduction
There is guidance for the lesson.

2. A Brief History of Development Cooperation (1) The Birth of North-South Relations: The Age of Modernization Theory (1940s-60s)
We will consider the background of the disparity among countries, and the main approach and theories in the early days on international development cooperation.

3. A Brief History of Development Cooperation (2) The Peak of North-South Confrontation: The Age of Dependent Thery (1960s-70s)
We will consider the process of that the confrontation between the North and the South, and the strategy of the latter under the oppresive circumstance.

4. A Brief History of Development Cooperation (3) The North's Counterattack: The Rise of Neo-Liberalism (1980s-mid 1990s)
We will consider the path which market economy was standardised in the world, and the influence for the developing countires.

5. A Brief History of Development Cooperation (4) The Shift to 'Poverty': The Post-Cold War Era (1990s)
We will consider the structural change of the North-South relations in the post-Cold War era.

6. Poverty Reduction (1) Framework of Poverty Reduction
We will consider the scheme of the HIPCs Initiative introduced in 1996, and the theoretical base presented by Amartya Sen.

7. Poverty Reduction (2) Aid Coordination as a By-Product of Poverty Reduction: A Cause of Competition among Donors and Confrontation between North and South
We will consider the fundamental purpose and notion of Poverty Reduction, a main stream of the contemporary international development cooperation.

8. Poverty Reduction (3) Political Reform and Development
We will consider good governance and democratisation as preconditions of Western donors' aid since the end of the Cold War.

9. Presentation and Discussion

10. Poverty Reduction (4) The Performance and Influence of 'Poverty Reduction'
We will consider the performance of 'Poverty Redction' in terms of social justice, economic growth, and political relations with recipients.

11. The Impact of Emerging Donors (1) Outline of Plate Tectonics in the 2000s
We will consider the individuality of Emerging Donors' aid, and the criticism against them from the West.

12. The Impact of Emerging Donors (2) The Rise of Emerging Donors: A Case of China in Africa
We will consider China's Africa policy as a typical example of Emerging Donors' approaches.

13. The Impact of Emerging Donors (3) Shifting Gears by Emerging Donors: Dispute over the Discourses or Race for the Friendship
We will consider the shift of China as a reaction against the criticism from the West and recipients.

14. Between Western Donors and Emerging Donors (1) The Individuality and shift of Japan's Development Cooperation (1950s-1990s)
We will consider the individuality of Japan's development cooperation until the beginning of the 21st century.

15. Between Western Donors and Emerging Donors (2) Japan's Development Cooperation: Revival of its Tradition?
We will consider the current shift of Japan's development cooperation.