Courses 2014

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Course NameTopics in Moral Philosophy
InstructorArima, Hitoshi
MajorMajor Subjects
Course goalsGoals of this course:
a. To understand moral problems generated by recent developments in bioscience and medical technology
b. To learn various moral theories and methodologies that have been developed to solve these problems
b. To form opinions on difficult moral questions through discussion
Course outline(The course is intended to be supplementary to "倫理学a" (or "倫理学b") of the same instructor. The purpose of the course is to show how the theoretical arguments introduced in "倫理学a/b" find their applications in concrete cases, thereby helping students to acquire skills to consider difficult moral questions. For this end we will spend much time discussing cases. We will focus on four issues: selective abortion, human experiments, refusal of blood transfusion, and euthanasia. For each of these issues, the instructor will first provide a brief summary of the technological/social background, and of moral arguments offered for and against the use of relevant technologies. Questions from real or fictional cases will then be introduced for class discussion. English will be the main language of this course. The instructor may occasionally use Japanese to ensure students' understanding.)
Evaluation Scale and PoliciesAttendance 30%
Class participation 30%
In-class work40%
PrerequisitesSome of the issues discussed in this course are also covered in "a/b." It is recommended (but not required) that students take "/b" before registering for this course.
Texts, materials, and supplies
Course Schedule/Plan1. イントロダクション (introduction)
2. Topic 1: 障害とQOL 講義 (1. Disability and QOL / lecture)
3. Topic 1: 障害とQOL クラス課題 (1. Disability and QOL / in-class work)
4. Topic 1: 障害とQOL 事例検討:選択的中絶 (1. Disability and QOL / small group discussion [on selective abortion])
5. Topic 2:
6. Topic 2:
7. Topic 2: (事例検討:人体実験)(2. / small group discussion [on human experiment])
8. 応用倫理の方法(講義)(Lecture on the methods of applied ethics)
9. Topic 3: パターナリズム(講義)(3. Paternalism / lecture)
10. Topic 3: パターナリズム(クラス課題)(3. Paternalism / in-class work)
11. Topic 3: パターナリズム(事例検討:信仰上の理由による輸血拒否)(3. Paternalism / small group discussion [on Jehovah’s Witness and refusal of blood transfusion])
12. Topic 4: 生命の神聖さ(講義)(4. Sanctity of life / lecture)
13. Topic 4: 生命の神聖さ(クラス課題)(4. Sanctity of life / in-class work)
14. Topic 4: 生命の神聖さ(事例検討:尊厳死)(4. Sanctity of life / small group discussion [on death with dignity])
15. まとめ Conclusions