An isoform of Nedd4-2 is critically involved in the renal adaptation to high salt intake in mice

Posted on Posted in AMRC Research

Date: 22 Jun 2016

 

Epithelial sodium channels (ENaCs) play critical roles in the maintenance of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis, and their genetic abnormalities cause one type of hereditary salt-sensitive hypertension, Liddle syndrome. As we reported previously, both human and rodent Nedd4L/Nedd4-2 showed molecular diversity, with and without a C2 domain in their N-terminal. Nedd4L/Nedd4-2 isoforms with a C2 domain are hypothesized to be related closely to ubiquitination of ENaCs. We generated Nedd4-2 C2 domain knockout mice. We demonstrate here that loss of Nedd4-2 C2 isoform causes salt-sensitive hypertension under conditions of a high dietary salt intake in vivo. The knockout mice had reduced urinary sodium excretion, osmotic pressure and increased water intake and urine volume with marked dilatation of cortical tubules while receiving a high salt diet. To the contrary, there was no difference in metabolic data between wild-type and knockout mice receiving a normal control diet. In the absence of Nedd4-2 C2 domain, a high salt intake accelerated ENaC expression. Coimmunoprecipitation studies revealed suppressed ubiquitination for ENaC with a high salt intake. Taken together, our findings demonstrate that during a high oral salt intake the Nedd4-2 C2 protein plays a pivotal role in maintaining adaptive salt handling in the kidney.

 

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For inquiries regarding this press release

Tomoaki ISHIGAMI

E-mail: tommmish@yokohama-cu.ac.jp   Phone: +81 45 787 2635

Department of Medical Science and Cardiorenal Medicine,
Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medicine

Fukuura 3-9, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Japan 236-0004