YOKOHAMA CITY UNIVERSITY

YCU Science Summer Program 2014

In 2014, the program was organized by Graduate School of Medical Life Science, and twelve students from five cooperating universities in China, Singapore, Taiwan, Malaysia, and USA joined in this program.

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Practical Class No.1: Protein structure observation with molecular graphics

Asso Prof. Kyouhei Arita introduced the program PyMOL, which can be freely downloaded from the internet, and how to use it.













PyMOL is able to display protein and DNA structures in a visual form which is intuitively easy to understand.












The students had a fun time looking at different protein models and coloring them to see the function of particular parts of the molecules, in the workshop.









Lecture No.3: The PAR-aPKC protein mechinary which generates order within cells

Asso Prof. Atsushi Suzuki explained how living cells are able to develop a polarity, and overcome the natural tendency of system to become disordered.












Using the energy source ATP, cells are able to use a small set of proteins to create a sense of direction, allowing them to build much more complicated structures, tissues and organs. These proteins are in fact targeted by some pathogenic bacteria to disrupt cell functions.

Lecture No.4: Host-gut microbial interactions in host defence mechanisms

Prof. Hiroshi Ohno spoke about the role played by the bacteria inside our bodies, and how certain cell types are involved in regulating the types of bacteria present by recognizing molecules on their surfaces.











Using “omic” approaches, Prof. Ohno’s group has shown that small metabolites can also play a part in controlling the gut bacteria, and certain foods may be able to protect us from pathogenic bacteria such as E. coli O157.

Tour of YCU Kanazawa Hakkei campus

Day 3 finished with a look at the facilities in Hakkei, the main campus of YCU.

The students looked around the school cafeteria, gym, pool, and visited the library for seeing Japanese traditional books.

They learned about Japanese traditional cultures by taking looks at Japanese historical materials, maps and so on.

LINKS

DAY 1
(August 19th)


DAY 2
(August 20th)


DAY 3
(August 21th)


DAY 4
(August 22th)


DAY 5
(August 23th)


Voices of Participants

Voices of Lecturers