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Course NameTopics in Moral Philosophy
InstructorArima, Hitoshi
MajorMajor Subjects
Course goalsGoals of this course: a. To understand moral problems generated by recent developments in bioscience and medical technology b. To learn various moral theories and methodologies that have been developed to solve these problems b. To form opinions on difficult moral questions through discussion
Course outline(The course is intended to be supplementary to "倫理学a" (or "倫理学b") of the same instructor. The purpose of the course is to show how the theoretical arguments introduced in "倫理学a/b" find their applications in concrete cases, thereby helping students to acquire skills to consider difficult moral questions. For this end we will spend much time discussing cases. We will focus on four issues: selective abortion, human experiments, refusal of blood transfusion, and euthanasia. For each of these issues, the instructor will first provide a brief summary of the technological/social background, and of moral arguments offered for and against the use of relevant technologies. Questions from real or fictional cases will then be introduced for class discussion. English will be the main language of this course. The instructor may occasionally use Japanese to ensure students' understanding.)
Evaluation Scale and Policies(attendance)30%、(class participation)30%、(in-class work)40%
PrerequisitesSome of the issues discussed in this course are also covered in "倫理学a/b." It is recommended (but not required) that students take "倫理学a/b" before registering for this course. This course may not be offered in academic year 2016-2017, but will be offered again in 2018.
Texts, materials, and supplies
Course Schedule/Plan1 Introduction

Topic 1: Human experiments and the methods of applied ethics

2: Case 1. A brain tumor experiment
3. Case 2. Discussions in IRB
4. Lecture. Moral dilemmas and principles
5. Lecture. The four topics method

Topic 2: Disability and QOL, 3. Selective abortion
6. Case 3. Prenatal screening
7. Case 4. Selective abortion
8. Lecture. Disability and QOL

Topic 3: Paternalism
9. Case 5. Truth telling
10. Case 6. "Let me die"
11. Case 7. Jehovah's Witness and refusal of blood transfusion

Topic 4: Terminal care
12. Case 8. Family consent
13. Lecture. Types of euthanasia
14. Case 9. Withholding life-sustaining treatments

15. Conclusions