Courses 2014

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Course NameGlobal Community
InstructorMutsuji, Shoji
MajorMajor Subjects
Course goalsThe main goal or purpose is to understand the notion and practices of the international development cooperation, and it is expected to learn a dimention of the complex structure of international or global community.
Course outlineIn the contemporary world, each country and individual can not avoid the influences from abroad, because goods, people and money can easily move beyond the boarders. Under this circumstance, the purpose and the way of international development cooperation to the developing countries has three dimensions; humanitarian behaviour, each country's foreign policy or national interests, and their broader purpose to make stable and prosperious world. In this lesson, our concern is to consider the international development cooperation's history, structure, theories and subjects.
This lesson is roughly consisted of four parts. First, we are concerned with the history of the North-South problem, in parallel with learning the predominant theories over development in each period. Second, the contemporary trend of the developed countries over development cooperation, poverty reduction, is focused on. Third, we will consider the structural change of the North-South relations in the 21st century, and finally, Japan's development cooperation will be examined.
Evaluation Scale and PoliciesThe students are evaluated with a mini-report (40%) and a report (60%).
PrerequisitesThe full process of the lesson including the reports is implemented in English.
Texts, materials, and suppliesText Books: Nothing
Reference Books:
It is recommended to finish reading (1) by the 5th, (2) by the 9th, and (3) by the 13th.
(1) 室井義雄(1997)『南北・南南問題』、山川出版社。
(2) 下村恭民・辻 一人・稲田十三・深川由起子(2009)『国際協力-その新しい潮流(新版)』、有斐閣。
(3) 長 有紀枝(2012)『入門 人間の安全保障-恐怖と欠乏からの自由を求めて』、中央公論新社。
Course Schedule/Plan1.Introduction
There is guidance for the lesson.

2.The Brief History of the North-South Relations (1) The Birth of the Developing Countries: The Age of Modernization Theory (1940s-60s)
We will consider the background of the disparity among countries, and the main approach and theories in the early days on international development cooperation.

3.The Brief History of the North-South Relations (2) The Peak of the North-South Confrontation: The Meaning of Dependent Thery (1960s-70s)
We will consider the process of that the confrontation between the North and the South, and the strategy of the latter under the oppresive circumstance.

4.The Brief History of the North-South Relations (3) The Counterattack of the North: The Rising of Neo-Liberalism (1980s)
We will consider the path which market economy was standardised in the world, and the influence for the developing countires.

5.The Brief History of the North-South Relations (4) The Overwhelming Predominance of the North: The Age of the Post-Cold War (1990s)
We will consider the structural change of the North-South relations in the post-Cold War era.

6.Poverty Reduction (1) The Advantage and Disadvantage of Globalization
We will consider two aspects of market economy, a gospel but a threat for the low-income people.

7.Poverty Reduction (2) From the Basic Human Needs to Human Security
We will consider the fundamental purpose and notion of Poverty Reduction, a main stream of the contemporary international development cooperation.

8.Poverty Reduction (3) The Framework of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
We will consider the general means of the developed countries' aid, the Poverty Reduction Strategy, after mid-1990s.

9.Poverty Reduction (4) Some Attempts for Handling Market Economy
We will consider the attempts for combination poverty reduction and market economy; micro-finance, social entrepreneurship, BOP business, and so on.

10.The Swing-Back of the North-South relations (1) The War on Terror
We will consider the relationship between the War on Terror and international development cooperation, and the change of the North-South relations after the beginning of the 2000s.

11.The Swing-Back of the North-South relations (2) The Emerging Donors
We will consider the Emerging Donors' approach and the influence on international cooperation by the developed countries.

12.The Swing-Back of the North-South relations (3) Africa: the New Scramble toward the Final Frontier
We will consider the current situation of Africa, the least developed region, in terms of the foreign powers' interests.

13.Japan's Development Cooperation (1) The Approach and the Performance in the 20th Century
We will consider the characters and the subjects of the Government of Japan's development cooperation until the beginning of the 21st century.

14.Japan's Development Cooperation (2) The Current Characters and Subjects
We will consider the current development cooperation by the Government of Japan, compared with the other developed countries.

We will summarise the whole contents.